KLIWAS - Consequences of climate change for navigable waterways and options for the economy and inland navigation
Project management at the University of Würzburg:
Worldwide, increasing numbers of indications suggest that climate change might have started already. This is the main message of the 4th assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Thus, regardless of the question if we are able to mitigate global climate change by reducing our greenhouse gas emissions, we have to evaluate the effects on human society, the environment, and the economy. In terms of anticipatory planning, this means that sustainable adaptation strategies have to be developed.
As climate changes, precipitation patterns may change, too. This, in turn, would have significant effects on the streamflow regimes and water levels of rivers. The project KLIWAS, which is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs (BMVBS), is focused on the consequences of climate change for navigable waterways:
* How will the climate in Central Europe develop during the 21st century?
* What effects will this have on water levels along the course of navigable rivers like the River Rhine?
* Will this affect the role of the River Rhine as a major inland waterway?
KLIWAS will also formulate options how the economy and inland navigation can respond to the projected new conditions.
* Which are the best adaptation strategies for enterprises dependent on reliable river transport?
* Which measures are the most suitable and sustainable choice for the responsible public authorities (in Germany: the Federal Waterways and Shipping Administration - WSV) to protect and improve the quality of the River Rhine as a navigable waterway?
In a first step, KLIWAS research will focus on the River Rhine. However, the methods will be designed to be transferable to other inland navigation routes.
Partners in the KLIWAS project:
* Federal Institute of Hydrology (BfG), Koblenz (Project coordination)
* Development Centre for Ship Technology and Transport Systems
* Institute of Geography, Julius-Maximilians-University Würzburg
* Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg
Projekt period: from 06.2007 to 06.2011
Bund ,Granting date: 04.12.2007