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Third-party-funded project

Title:
The molecular pathology of Sorsby fundus dystrophy: the role of the extracellular matrix in the neurodegeneration of the human retina

Project management at the University of Würzburg:

Participating scientists:

Abstract:
The extracellular matrix (ECM) mediates important cellular functions such as cell adhesion, cell-cell communication, cell-matrix interactions as well as intercellular transport. Remodeling of the ECM is an essential component of normal development and consists of a continously occuring synthesis and degradation of ECM molecules. These processes involve a family of tightly regulated matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) as well as other proteolytic enzyme groups such as the serine or cysteine proteinases. To ensure ECM integrity, the control of MMP activity is complex and occurs at the level of transcription and enzyme activation/inhibition. Disturbances in the regulation of the metalloproteinases, in particular between the MMPs and their natural inhibitors, the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) may lead to degenerative and proliferative diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, pulmonary emphysema, artherosclerosis, and liver fibrosis but are also thought to enable malignant cells to penetrate basement membranes and to metastasize.

To facilitate in vivo investigations of mutant TIMP3 we have generated knock-in mice carrying a Ser156Cys mutation in the orthologous murine Timp3 gene via homologous recombination in embryonic stem cells. This as well as other known mutations in human introduce potentially unpaired cysteine residues in the C-terminus of the protein and result in the formation of higher molecular weight protein complexes of as yet unknown composition and functional consequence for SFD pathology. In contrast to the human phenotype, adult heterozygous Ser156Cys mice develop only a mild phenotype. The RPE is primarily affected with the most prominent abnormalities occurring in the organization of the basal microvilli. No other histological signs of pathology are evident in other retinal tissues and electrodiagnostic recordings suggest that retinal function remains normal throughout life in both heterozygous and homozygous Ser156Cys mice. The biochemical characteristics of the mutant protein, however, are similar in human and knock-in mice, suggesting common molecular pathways in the two species. Investigation into this mouse model will elucidate the functional role of the extracellular matrix in RPE physiology and may shed light onto the molecular pathology in Sorsby fundus dystrophy.

Key words:
    Sorsby fundus dystrophy
    extracellular matrix

Projekt period: from 07.2000 to 06.2003

Funding institution:
DFG ,Granting date: 23.06.2000

Publications:

Links:
Publication 115
Publication 37
Publication 40
Publication 41
Publication 42
Publication 49
Publication 50
Publication 51
Publication 56
Publication 63
Publication 65